Three Tables

Luke Lesson 21

Luke 22:1-30

Lesson Resources:

Download Lesson Here

Subject: Remember

Central Theme:  Remembering Redemption

Objective Statement: We can remember God’s work of redemption by understanding three tables referred to in Luke 22.

Keyword: Tables

1.     The Passover Table: Our redemption foretold. v. 1-13

2.     The Lord’s Table: Our redemption remembered. v. 14-15, 19-20

3.     The Kingdom Table: Our redemption realized. v.16 -18, 28-30

INTRODUCTION:

CONNECTION:

  • Many of you may be wondering why the table we normally use for communion is up here on the platform.
  • I like to keep you all guessing. It captures your attention.
  • As I think about different tables throughout most people’s lives there are different kinds.
  • Usually, tables are associated with food and meals.
  • There is the kitchen table.
    • It is a particularly important table in the life of a family because families should share time and space together.
    • When you sit at the table it is more than just functional as a place to eat a meal.
    • It is also where you communicate and relate to each other.
    • It is important for families to spend time with each other.
  • Some tables signify stages in life.
    • Do you remember when you had to sit at the kids table? Do you remember when you got old enough to go to the adult table?
  • Some tables signify specific holidays.
    • If I talk about a thanksgiving table, you may have certain traditions both in what food you eat and what things you do at that meal.
  • Some tables signify relationships.
    • In schools and colleges today, there can be a correlation between what lunch table you sit at and who your friends are.
    • Some of my closest friends to this day are people that sat at the same table that I did in college.
    • One of those people is my wife!

TENSION:

  • In today’s text we see reference to several different tables.
  • Meals were and are an important part of the life of Jesus.
  • This is the 7th scene with a meal in the book of Luke.
  • Here we see Jesus sending the disciples to prepare a table. We see Jesus and His disciples sitting at a table.  We hear Jesus talking about being at a table in the future.
  • Today, what I want to do is to look at these three tables, because they tell us something about our redemption.
  • Jesus came to seek and to save that which was lost. He came to redeem us and set us free from our sin.

WE CAN REMEMBER GOD’S WORK OF REDEMPTION BY UNDERSTANDING THREE TABLES REFERRED TO IN LUKE 22.

1. THE PASSOVER TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION FORETOLD. V. 1-13

(7) Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

 

EXPLANATION:

  • Our text today begins the closing events leading up to the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ in Luke.
  • You will see the context of what is happening starting in verse 1, where Luke makes clear to a non-Jewish audience what the feast of unleavened bread is. Look at verse 1.

 

Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

Luke 22:1

 

  • In this context you will also see what was happening in the hearts of the enemies of Jesus. The religious leaders were actively seeking and planning how they would kill Jesus.

 

(2) And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

Luke 22:2

 

  • Notice as well that Satan was involved. He had actively entered into the disciple, Judas, and the religious leaders were cooperating with him to accomplish their evil schemes.

 

(3)  Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.  (4)  And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.  (5)  And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.  (6)  And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

Luke 22:3-6

 

  • So, when we get to verse 7, we understand the gravity and nature of the timeframe. It is about to be Passover.
  • Jesus and His disciples must celebrate the passover meal. To do this Jesus is about to send Peter and John to prepare a place for them to set at a passover table.

WHAT WAS THE PASSOVER TABLE?

  • It is described in Exodus 12:1-14.

And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,  (2) This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.  (3)  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:  (4)  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.  (5)  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:  (6) And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.  (7)  And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.  (8)  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.  (9)  Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.  (10)  And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.  (11)  And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover.  (12)  For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.  (13)  And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

Exodus 12:1-13

 

  • So, the children of Israel did exactly what God said.
  • They took a spotless lamb without blemish and sacrificed it. They broke its body and shed its blood.  They put it on the door posts of their homes.
  • Then they ate this very specific meal at a table in their homes. They came to the table in their travel clothes, believing that God would spare their firstborn sons, and release them from slavery to enter into the promised land.
  • They would eat this meal with their families in anticipation of what God was going to do.
  • And not jus
  • God commanded them to eat this meal not just the night before they were to be freed, but as an annual meal that helped them to remember what God had done for them in freeing them from their bondage in Egypt.

 

(14)  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
Exodus 12:14

 

Application:

  • It is good to remember.
  • There are times in redemptive history where God ordained certain practices so that the people of God will remember the work of God.
  • And the passover was about remembering that God took them out of Egypt and into the promised land.
  • Every time they tasted the bitter herbs at the table, they were to remember the bitterness of their captivity in Egypt.
  • Every time they were to eat the lamb, they were to remember the blood on the doorway that substituted for their firstborn sons.
  • Andrew Peterson wrote a song called Passover Us in His Christmas album that goes like this:

Well, we all remember Moses on the banks of the river
He said “Pharaoh, you’ve got to let my people go.
You don’t want me to have to tell you this ten times over–
Denial ain’t just a river, you know”

And we all remember Pharaoh, he just wouldn’t do it
So the plagues they came upon Egypt one by one
His heart was hard and the other nine just couldn’t move it
So the last was the worst: the death of the firstborn son

But the Lord, he gave to Moses a word for the people
He said their firstborn sons would live to see another day
“Put the blood of a lamb on the
Doorway and death will pass right over”
That night all of the children of Israel prayed,

“Lord, let your judgment Passover us
Lord, let your love hover near
Don’t let your sweet mercy Passover us
Let this blood cover over us here”

So the years went by and the people they whined and they wandered
And only sacrifice atoned for the sins of the land
So you see the priest he placed upon the holy altar
The body of a spotless lamb
And he prayed,

“Lord, let your judgment Passover us
Lord, let your love hover near
So, Don’t let your sweet mercy Passover us
Let this blood cover over us here”

  • You see Passover was not just a celebration helping the children of Israel remember what God had done. Passover was a picture of what God was going to do.
  • John the Baptist declared this when Jesus came when he said, “Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world.”
  • The Passover table was not just to be “God’s Works Remembered”. The Passover table was to be “our redemption foretold.

 

(8)  And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.  (9)  And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?  (10)  And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.  (11)  And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?  (12)  And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.  (13)  And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
Luke 22:8-13

 

EXPLANATION:

  • Jesus Christ’s Sovereignty is in view here. We see it in the very specific circumstances of finding the right venue for this family meal called the passover.
  • He sends Peter and John to do it.
  • He tells them exactly what it will be like when they are to ask the person who gets them the room.
  • He tells them what to say, and what to do.
  • I love what verse 13 says. “And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.”
  • Jesus was entirely in control of this whole situation and exhibited His knowledge and control in this miraculous event.
  • But this sovereignty in this moment is but a small glimpse into His movement in all of History.
  • Think about it. The passover meal itself, every element of it, points to the person of Jesus Christ.  We will see that in a moment.
  • God had ordained the events of the Exodus, and the celebration of the passover meal every year, to point to the coming redemption of the Messiah.
  • And if he can do that, then demonstrating that sovereignty in their securing of a room and preparing it for this familial meal together was no big deal.

APPLICATION:

  • If there is anything I want you to take away from this week’s message it is this.
  • God is in control.
  • He has been active in the events of History.
  • Redemptive History is History.
  • God has a plan.
  • And God’s will for you and for me is to know Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord.

 

WE CAN REMEMBER GOD’S WORK OF REDEMPTION BY UNDERSTANDING THREE TABLES REFERRED TO IN LUKE 22.

 

1. THE PASSOVER TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION FORETOLD. V. 1-13

2. THE LORD’S TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION REMEMBERED. V. 14-15, 19-20

 

(14)  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.  (15)  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

(19)  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.  (20)  Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

 

EXPLANATION:

  • The disciples had prepared the passover meal.
  • The table was set, and the appointed time had come.
  • When we get to verse 14, we read, “And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.”
  • They were certainly about to partake in this passover meal, which was typically enjoyed together with family members.
  • This certainly would have been a time that felt different than other passover meals that the disciples had experienced before.
  • Even Jesus expressed this in verse 15.

 

“(15)  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer”

 

  • The Bible is clear, and Jesus was transparent when he expressed that He did not come to destroy the law, but to fulfill it.
  • Jesus was sitting at a passover table, but He began to institute something different here at what we call the Lord’s table.
  • He was communicating something about this meal at this table that pictured something other than just looking back at the Exodus.
  • Look at what He said in verse 19.

 

(19)  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you

 

  • He also took the cup.

 

(20)  Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

 

  • He was telling them that this meal was not just about something historical. It is not just about the children of Israel.  It is about Jesus.
  • And then he gave them this ordinance in verse 19:

 

“this do in remembrance of me.”

 

  • Jesus was about to suffer and die for them, and not just for them, but for the sin of the whole world.
  • The apostle Paul spoke of this when He said that He received from the Lord the importance of keeping this ordinance as a local church.

For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:  (24)  And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.  (25)  After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.  (26)  For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.

1 Corinthians 11:23-26

 

APPLICATION:

  • When we partake of the Lord’s table, we do so to remember the redemption that was secured for us.
  • We remember the body that was broken and the blood that was shed so that we can know our sins are forgiven.
  • Peter said this in 1 Peter 1:18-19.

 

Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;  (19)  But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:  (20)  Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,  (21)  Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.  1 Peter 1:18-21

  • We must remember and trust in the precious blood of the Lord Jesus Christ that purchased our redemption.

 

WE CAN REMEMBER GOD’S WORK OF REDEMPTION BY UNDERSTANDING THREE TABLES REFERRED TO IN LUKE 22.

 

1. THE PASSOVER TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION FORETOLD. V. 1-13

2. THE LORD’S TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION REMEMBERED. V. 14-15, 19-20

3. THE KINGDOM TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION REALIZED. V.16 -18, 28-30

 

(16)  For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.  (17)  And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:  (18)  For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

Luke 22:16-18

Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.  (29)  And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;  (30)  That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Luke 22:28-30

 

EXPLANATION:

  • As Jesus sat at this table, he spoke of yet another time.
  • He had committed and commanded His disciples to remember this meal as a memorial of what He was about to do for them.
  • In the midst of this meal, He mentioned a future time.
  • He said that He would not drink this fruit of the vine until a future kingdom would come.
  • Later on in the chapter He addresses the disciple’s roles in the future kingdom. He mentions another table:

(29)  And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;  (30)  That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Luke 22:28-30

  • Jesus claims here that there will be a future time in which we will sit at a table and commune with Him in eternity.
  • This is not some disembodied, ambiguous spiritual state.
  • This is not a metaphor for something we do not understand.
  • We will physically be with Jesus in an everlasting Kingdom.
  • There will be a new heaven and a new earth.
  • And we are going to be with Him!!!!
  • There is a future meal that will be shared with Jesus!
  • Our redemption will not just be foretold in the passover and remembered in communion.
  • Our redemption will be realized in real time!
  • We will be with Jesus!

APPLICATION:

  • All of History is moving toward a day where every wrong will be made right. Every loose end will be tied up.  There will be ultimate justice.
  • Our God will be with us and we will be with Him.
  • There will be another time for communion.
  • John the Revelator said it this way in Revelation 21:1-8:

 

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.  (2)  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.  (3)  And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.  (4)  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.  (5)  And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.  (6)  And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.  (7)  He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.  (8)  But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

Revelation 21:1-8

 

RESPONSE:

  • Are you going to be there? Will you be with Jesus because you have trusted Christ?

 

CONCLUSION:

WE CAN REMEMBER GOD’S WORK OF REDEMPTION BY UNDERSTANDING THREE TABLES REFERRED TO IN LUKE 22.

1. THE PASSOVER TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION FORETOLD. V. 1-13

2. THE LORD’S TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION REMEMBERED. V. 14-15, 19-20

3. THE KINGDOM TABLE: OUR REDEMPTION REALIZED. V.16 -18, 28-30